If you want to devote yourself to woodworking, you need to create a small workshop and set it up with the most widely used tools. First of all, it is important to remember that there are countless carpenter’s tools. Generally, they are divided into two categories: hand tools and mechanical tools.
The main hand tools include: square, false square, hammer, mallet, screwdriver, spatula, pincer, rasp, chisel, awl, level, clamp and clamp.
They are, instead, considered essential mechanical tools: planer, drill, press, universal combination, grinding wheel, sander, saw (both belt and circular), numerical control and compressor.
To these must be added a whole series of accessories (sandpaper, abrasive paper, drill bits…) and connecting elements (glue, nails, screws…).
We remind you that when you buy a manual tool it is essential to try it out and handle it. The handles, in fact, are not all the same.
The basic criterion that should guide you in choosing your carpenter’s tools is, in particular, the frequency and purpose of use. In short, you should only buy the tools that you will use most often. From time to time, then, depending also on your economic availability, you can buy new tools.
If you want to set up a small laboratory, in addition to the tools, you will need to get a large, spacious and solid work table. Around your table, then, you can go and put some wall panels that you will use to hang your tools and have them, so, at hand. Do not recommend the traditional toolboxes: they are expensive and do not really need, as you end up, always, not to find what you are looking for.
Keeping your work area tidy is essential: in this way you will work well and safely.
Tools for fixing wood
tools for fixing the wood Keeping the wood in place is essential. Depending on the type of work to be carried out, the most suitable clamp must be used.
Snapshots and clamps are particularly practical to use, due to their particular type of clamping. In addition, they have jaws protected by PVC so as not to mark the wood. There are different sizes on the market (from a few centimetres to two metres).
Absolutely essential are the clamps for pinning. They do not limit themselves to blocking the wood, but indicate, in a precise way, where to drill in order to insert, correctly, the “junction pins”. If you need a particularly strong fixing, you can choose “C” clamps: When you use, however, you need to apply a soft material on the jaws, otherwise you could damage the surfaces.
If you need to create frames, you can use specific frame clamps; they are extremely comfortable, as they allow you to maintain perpendicularity.
Joiner’s tools: Joiner’s tools for planing
Planing is one of the carpenter’s typical actions. It is essential because it allows the surface of the wood to be smoothed, eliminating any residues.
To make a good planing of the wood you can choose between the manual planer or the motor planer. The manual planer, often made of hardwood, consists of a log completed by the handle. The lower part of the block is called the sole. From here, the slit starts. The log is crossed by the jaw – which allows the discharge of the swarf produced.
The planer is completed by a sharp steel blade.
Hand planing is an operation that brings the wood into direct contact with it. Patience and attention are required to perform it in the best possible way.
Before starting to work, it is advisable to check that the blade is perfectly in the centre of the “mouth” and that it is always well sharpened. Among the most common motorized planes, we find the electric planer. useful for roughing work, is characterized by a rotating shaft with blades.
In order to remove the smallest chips, a razor can be used, i.e. a special steel sheet with sharp edges.